The beach cruiser bike, or simply the cruiser bike, is a close relative of the lowrider bike. They are one of the simpler bikes to use, maintain and ride. You’ve probably heard of all the cruiser bikes available nowadays, and know them for being heavy, durable bicycles.
The bikes are becoming more popular, and have been since the 1990s. One of the distinctive features of the cruiser is that they don’t usually have gears. While there are 7 speed cruiser bikes for sale, traditional beach cruisers are of the single speed variety.
A brief history of beach cruisers
In the 1930s, the US was going through one of the world’s worst economy crashes, the Great Depression. During this time unemployment was at an all-time high. People were buying less bicycles, because they were being regarded more as a luxury vehicle for the richer crowd.
In order to deal with the crowd that was more reluctant to purchase bikes that, in their opinion, were overpriced, the bike company Schwinn developed a sturdy, affordable bike, the Schwinn B-10E Motorbike in 1933. This looked like a motorbike, but had no engine.
The frame of the early bike was cantilevered, and had a nifty set of tires known as balloon tires. These were 2.2 inch wide tires that were pretty great at gripping just about anything. These bikes were far heavier than most other bikes at the time.
However, the new bikes could take a beating. They could hold up against abuse that other bikes in the era definitely could. By 1934, Schwinn gave the B10E a major redesign. Calling it the Aero Cycle, this became the first of the cruiser bikes.
Cruiser bike design
Early beach cruisers had a very unique design. They were styled after motorbikes in the 1920s, so they featured a far more streamlined look than the other bikes of the time. Unlike road bikes, beach cruisers are generally upright seating. They sometimes also featured a distinctive gas tank (not a real one of course).
These “gas tanks” were sometimes replaced with different features, such as the Huffy’s Radio Bike. The design of the cruiser was also reliant on a heavy, durable frame. The ease of use of the bike was focused on by implementing a single speed drive train. This made for a bike that was very easy to use, especially on flat terrain.
The weight of the bike made for a rather slow ride, but this was considered a good thing because of the level of comfort it offered. The cruiser bike also traditionally didn’t include brakes in the design. Instead of the standard hand operated brakes, the cruiser bike is equipped with a coaster brake.
Pedaling backwards would slow the cruiser down sufficiently. The harder you would pedal back, the harder the braking force would be. This was an extremely simply technology, but it did come with its own set of issues.
Coaster brakes are an obsolete technology
The coaster brakes that are usually found in cruiser bikes are simply too old to be of any use except to look good anymore. The brakes have been around since the 1890s, and are still popular for a lot of bike related applications.
One of the special features of the coaster brake is that it allows the bike to coast forwards without the pedals turning. This is one of the most discernible features it has. It works rather similarly in function to that of a freewheel.
The disadvantages of the coaster brake
While it is still one of the most popular brakes in use when it comes to coaster bikes of the traditional single speed variety, the coaster brake has a lot of disadvantages. Many bike users feel ambivalent towards the use of coaster brakes because:
- Pedaling backwards to stop is rather annoying, especially in the city and during traffic. It also can be a little confusing to a generation of people who are used to squeezing brake levers to slow their roll.
Backpedaling also feels plain weird sometimes. The idea of using the pedals in the opposite direction, on a bike that ISNT a BMX feels very counterintuitive.
- When using coaster brakes, there is a major problem after completely stopping. Since the backwards pedaling motion no longer has a freewheel to allow it to disengage from the drivetrain when being done, there is no way of freely rotating the pedals.
You know how when you stop your bike you need to bring your pedals back to your favorite starting position so that you can start pedaling again with ease? This isn’t possible when using a beach cruiser with coaster brakes.
- Coaster brakes can take a long time to stop a bike. Unlike the disc brakes and V brakes traditionally found on road and mountain bikes, the coaster brake is more of a smooth braking transition than one with an abrupt jolt.
Some people find this to be advantageous, but for the most part it is downright annoying. This is because if you are in an emergency and you need to stop immediately, you simply won’t be able to on a beach cruiser that has coasters instead of hand brakes.
Instead, you would be furiously trying to backpedal hard enough to avoid an imminent collision. You could wind up seriously hurt because the coaster didn’t allow you to stop quickly enough to avoid it.
- Coaster brakes are not meant for use by the cyclists getting on in years. Since the braking power of the coaster brake depends on how hard you push back, young children and seniors (or people with disabilities) may have trouble braking on a beach cruiser.
- When you are a cyclist you will experience the flash of fear that comes with the first time your chain drops. This is quite normal for every cyclist of course. If you are going at speed and your chain drops, hit the brakes and you slow down and stop.
If you are doing this on a beach cruiser, you are pretty much up a creek without a pedal (pun intended). The coaster brake relies on the chain and drivetrain in order to stop. This means that when the chain drops and you don’t have backup brakes, you are going to be in trouble, because you will not have any brakes.
Because of the many disadvantages of coaster brakes when used on a beach cruiser, they are not recommended. However, a lot of people prefer to use these brakes because of their aesthetics. In this case it is always suggested that you get a backup brake system, such as a hand brake, for your beach cruiser.
Why beach cruisers need hand brakes
Having either a completely revamped system of hand brakes instead of coasters, or simply a backup system for your beach cruiser is one of the better decisions you can make in terms of simplicity, safety and ease of use. It is always better to have hand brakes on your beach cruisers because:
- Safety – Having hand brakes either as the main braking system or a backup brake system in addition to your beach cruiser’s coaster brakes is a very safe choice indeed. Coaster brakes leave room for skidding.
Even though the balloon tires on beach cruisers are very good for riding on sand (hence the name), the coaster brakes can cause the tires to skid pretty fast. This can result in your ride requiring replacement tires quite often.
Hand brakes can eliminate the chances of the tires skidding, and you should be able to be far safer when riding a beach cruiser at high speeds, whether on the street or on the actual beach. Chances are that you won’t be riding it on the beach though, if you are a cruiser bike owner far from the coast.
In addition to this, there is the safety concern that the chain might fail. Since hand brakes don’t rely on the chain in order to stop, you will be able to brake in case of an emergency chain drop that you did not see coming.
- Control – Coaster brakes are far harder to exercise control over than hand brakes. When descending a hill on a beach cruiser, or any bike, it is important that you have exactly the right amount of control over your braking.
If using a coaster brake to slow your descent, you could very well end up not giving enough braking power and wind up freewheeling screaming down the hill yelling for your mother, father and a whole family tree of relatives.
However, hand brakes off the option of perfect tuning of your braking power both before and during the braking process. With the right modulation on your braking you should be able to descend those steep gradients safely.
- Heat Dissipation – The best part about hand brakes when compared to coaster brakes is their high rate of heat dissipation when braking, which allows for more abrupt stops as well as safer cycling because tires are less prone to overheating.
It is quite common to have to replace the grease and innards of your coaster brake if you have been going downhill using them. Without doing this, you would be taking away their few safety features, and turning your beach cruiser into a death trap.
Gears are important on beach cruisers too!
Traditionally, the beach cruiser is a single speed bike. This is because it was made with a focus on affordability. While it is completely fine for people to stick to this option out of nostalgia or some such thing, it is not always the best choice.
When you are an older person, or you are getting your young child a beach cruiser, or if you have a disability, you need to remember that the cruisers are heavy bikes. They aren’t like the lightweight chromoly or titanium/aluminum mountain and road bikes that can buzz like a hummingbird three seconds after starting.
Instead, the beach cruiser is a far slower, heavier bike that can take a while to start moving fast. Woe betide the cyclist who has to ride it in softer sand than usual or *shudder* up hills. The single speed cruiser bike is going to absolutely kill the user in this kind of setting.
The uses of gears on cruiser bikes
There are two major advantages to having gearing systems on a cruiser bike specifically. Everyone in the world of cycling knows the general advantages of gearing systems, of course. When it comes to the cruiser, the advantages of buying the 7 speed variant of the bike include:
- Adaptability – When riding a beach cruiser, different people have different needs when it comes to the aesthetic aspect of it. Some people actually prefer high pedal speed, but going along at a turtle’s pace.
The 7 speed gear variant of the beach cruiser allows for this to be done. Instead of having to possibly change the entire drivetrain of the single speed bike in order to change the gear ratios, the 7 speeder allows for the use of the derailleur when changing gear.
With the gears on a beach cruiser, all those people who love the slow, languorous pedaling strokes while “cruising” along will be able to do exactly this.
- Safety and ease of use – these two go hand in hand especially when it comes to beach cruisers. You need to think about going on all kinds of terrain. While you may only be using the cruiser in your city, you won’t always be on flat, level surfaces.
There are going to be hills and gradients, so it is always better to have gears to help you get up these without reaching the top and collapsing like you have just climbed up Mt. Everest. There is a difference between a great workout and unnecessary exhaustion.
The more tired and stressed a cyclist is the more dangerous they are. You don’t want to hit a pedestrian on a heavy beach cruiser just because you were too tired to be alert enough to your surroundings and see them.
Well, those are 5 of the reasons you need to consider getting brakes of the hand variety and gears for your beach cruiser. No matter how classic you want the bike to appear, safety should always be your number one priority, and with the right kind of brakes and gears, you should be able to have a classy, safe cruise on your cruiser bike!