Why Is Your Bike So Hard to Pedal? 11 Common Causes and Solutions

When your pedaling adventures come to a halt, you can't help but look for solution and quick-fixes. That's exactly what we have in-store for you! Let's solve the mystery of stuck bicycles together

Gearing up for an exciting bike ride is surely thrilling. Imagine having the perfect weather, the sun shining, and the cool wind waiting to blow your hair. You are all set and can’t wait to hit the road on your bicycle but your bicycle just refuses to move forward. How Upsetting!

What’s wrong with your bike? Why won’t it move? Well, the most common reason why your bike won’t pedal forward is because either your bike is Poorly Maintained or you have Rusted Crank Arms to the extent that they simply refuse to move. Or on the simpler side, your Chain has Slipped Off the gears because it was loose.

But you’re not alone in this conundrum. I have been stuck in this sticky situation more times than I would like to admit. 

Bicycle Diagnosis Inspection
Bicycle Diagnosis Inspection

Why Your Bike Won’t Move Forward- Bicycle Diagnosis

As a passionate cyclist, I definitely don’t like surprises when I have set my mind to ride. I have learned the common reasons why your bicycle is stuck. I have also learned solutions to these problems with some amazing DIY hacks that can come in handy. So let’s diagnose the problems and their solutions. 

1. Rust Is Affecting The Chain And Pedal Crank Performance 

Fixing Rusty Pedal Crank
Fixing Rusty Pedal Crank

If your bicycle is not moving forward, maybe it is because there is rust in your pedal crank which is making it hard for the pedal to move.  A rusty chain is when your bicycle chain has developed a layer of rust on the metal components. Rust will be visible on your chain links and rollers. A rusty chain is most of the time the culprit as to why your bike won’t move forward. The chain gets stuck to a point where it affects your bicycle’s efficiency. But like a human body, your bicycle will also give you signs before completely giving up on you. Here’s what you should be looking for: 

Reduced Efficiency 

When the rust starts setting in, it will create friction which makes it harder for your chain to move over sprockets. You will feel that your ride is less efficient because your chain will not be moving over the gears easily. 

Noisy Ride

Your ride will be incredibly noisy. You will hear squeaking and annoying creeks. Your ride will be so much less pleasant, trust me. This is one of the first signs that your bicycle is suffering from a rust manifestation. 

Poor Shifting 

You will feel a delay in shifting or you might not be able to shift into the desired gear. 

2. A Flat Tire Is Making It Hard To Pedal 

Flat Tire
Flat Tire

Maybe your bicycle is not moving because you have a flat tire. It happens when the inner tube loses air leaving the tire deflated or totally flat. This situation can quickly escalate because apart from affecting a bike’s performance, it also has an impact on your safety. If you continue to ride your bike with a flat tire, it can definitely damage your rim, tire, or even your inner tube. These repairs can be very costly. 

Ridding with a flat tire requires much more effort than usual. You might feel that your bike is slow and in some cases it even becomes unresponsive. 


3. An Improper Chain Tension Is Causing Power Loss

Fixing Bicycle Chain Issues
Fixing Bicycle Chain Issues

Improper chain tension means that your bicycle chain is either too tight or too loose. This can greatly affect your bicycle’s performance. There will be power loss which results in a decreased pedaling efficiency. There will be more tension on the chain and drivetrain components, so there will be more wear and tear. 

Most importantly, improper chain tension will give rise to different gear-shifting problems. Your gear might slip which will prevent your bike from moving at all. 

4. Gears Are Not In Sync With Gear Shifters 

If you have a bicycle with gears, it is possible that the gears are not in sync with your gear shifters. This has happened to me multiple times. When this happens, climbing hills becomes a serious challenge. There is so much of an inconsistent gear change that the bike simply gives up. 

Sometimes the gears even change unpredictably leading to discomfort while riding. 

5. Brakes Are Causing Friction

Fixing Bicycle Brakes
Fixing Bicycle Brakes

There is a whole variety of problems when it comes to brakes. They can get stuck, not function properly, or even cause a lot of friction. Apart from not being able to stop when required, brake issues cause wear and tear on the brake pads and the rims. Resistance will be created from stuck brakes which makes it harder for the pedal to move. 


6. A Stuck Wheel Is Rubbing The Frame

A stuck wheel means that one, either the front wheel or the rear one, or both wheels become immobile. They will not rotate freely which can make it a challenge to maneuver the bike. It’s a serious problem especially when you are navigating obstacles or are on a difficult track. 

There are many reasons behind a stuck wheel. The most common being a misaligned wheel. It will rub with the frame which prevents it from turning. Or you have bent or damaged axles. Other reasons to look into are issues with your bearings and hub. It might be just because debris or some foreign object is stuck between the wheel and the frame. This blocks the wheel from turning and your bike will not move forward. 

7. The Chain Lost Contact With Drivetrain 

When your bicycle chain falls off the cassette or the chainrings, it will drop on your bottom bracket or crankset. Your bicycle will completely freeze and you will not be able to pedal it forward. When your chain falls, it completely loses any contact with the drivetrain components of the bike. This leads to a complete loss of propulsion. Your pedaling becomes ineffective because the chain now has no connection with the gears.

It happens because you have made a shifting error or there is an improper chain tension. A misaligned derailleur is also the reason why your chain might fall off. You need to immediately stop riding if this happens mid-ride because if you continue, you can damage your chainrings, derailleur, and your chain. 


8. There Is Traction In Your Tires

 Sometimes your bike gets too hard to pedal because there is traction in your tires. You might be wondering if it is a good thing to have traction. Yes, it is but only on uneven terrains. The same traction that is helping you ride your bike on the rough tracks makes it difficult to pedal on smooth roads.

Let’s take a mountain bike, for example, there are knobby tires on all of these bikes. This design creates a rolling resistance when you are on pavement. Tire traction is also one of the reasons why you might find your bike sluggish or feel that it is difficult to ride on smooth surfaces. 

9. You Have A Soft Suspension Setup 

Suspension is often overlooked when it comes to looking for reasons why your bike won’t forward. Your suspension adjustment might be too soft and this leads to “Pedal Bob”. It is a phenomenon that occurs when your suspension system fails to absorb your pedaling input. 

As a result, your bike will bounce when you pedal. This wastes your energy while making your pedaling less efficient. You end up feeling like you are pedaling on an unstable road. 

10. You Are Applying The Wrong Pedaling Technique 

If suspension is not your issue, you need to check your pedaling technique. To be sure, check your pedaling cadence. You will need to find your RPM (pedaling revolutions per minute). Usually, it should be around 80-100 RPM. If you are good here, check your pedal circles. Is your pedaling smooth and circular?

11. Maybe The Culprit Is You!

Hear me out! Genetics has a huge role to play when it comes to bicycling. Maybe you are not fit yet to ride on climbs or you don’t have the experience. Knowing your gears play a huge role in affecting cycling. Using high gear when climbing only makes things difficult but most people don’t know that. Especially the new riders. Even some of the professional cyclists, including me, use lower gears on steep hills. You need to understand these basics before you begin doubting your bicycle!

What To Do When Your Bike Won’t Move Forward- Easy Solutions 

For every problem, there is a solution if you address it timely. Along with solutions, there are some DIY hacks I have included to make things easier for you. 

1. Solution For Rusty Chain 

Bicycle Rusty Chain
Bicycle Rusty Chain

You will have to clean the rust chain. Start by cleaning the chain using a degreaser and a chain brush. Here is what you will have to do:


  • Take a degreaser and apply it to the chain. Be generous. 
  • Take the chain brush or any old toothbrush and scrub the chain. Try to work the degreaser into the chain links. 
  • Now rinse the chain using clean water. Remove the degreaser and any dirt. 
  • Take a clean cloth and dry the chain properly. 

Lubricate The Chain

Lubricating The Chain
Lubricating The Chain

Another solution is lubricating the chain. Take a high-quality chain lubricant, I use the Smoove chain lube and apply it on all of your chain. When you are doing this keep turning the pedal backwards. This will make sure that the lubricating penetrates generously between the chain rollers and links. 

DIY Hack: I also make a homemade degreaser when I run out of it and need it ASAP. What you need to do is take a degreasing dish soap and mix equal parts of it with water. This mixture is very effective in removing the dirt from the chain. I usually use it after every extensive off-road riding adventure.

2. Solution For A Rusty Pedal Crank 

It can be very challenging to deal with a rusty pedal crank. But you cannot keep riding with one because it affects the bike’s performance. To deal with a rusty pedal crank you are going to need:

  • Adjustable Wrench 
  • Bike-Specific Degreaser 
  • Chain Brush 
  • Gloves 
  • Wire Brush 
  • Penetrating Oil 


  • I prefer to perform this cleaning outside because there is adequate lighting and good ventilation. Just make sure to find a stable surface. 
  • Put on your gloves to make sure you are safe from any chemicals. 
  • Remove your pedals if there is rust in the pedal spindles. It is always better to thoroughly the pedal assembly. So remove the pedal from the crank arms. You can do this using the adjustable wrench. Now turn the pedals counterclockwise. Your pedal will become loose and you can easily remove it. 
  • Take a good amount of the degreaser and apply it to the rusted areas on the pedal crank. Make sure that you cover all the rust spots. 
  • Using the chain brush scrub all the rusted areas. I use a stiff brush to work the degreaser in the rusted spots. It helps loosen the rust and any dirt. 
  • If the rust is very stubborn, you will have to use a wire brush or steel wool. But be careful not to use excessive force. You can damage your crank. 
  • Using a clean cloth, wipe off the loosened rust. Repeat the process until you are free from all that rust. 
  • Once you have removed all the dirt and rust, apply the lubricant. Don’t forget to lubricate the pedal threads and the spindle (if you removed the pedals).
  • Before reinstalling your pedals, carefully examine the crank for any remaining rough spots. Reattach the pedals to the crank arms. Tightly secure them using the wrench. Remember that the right pedal tightens clockwise while the left pedal tightens counterclockwise. 
DIY Hack: You can also submerge your pedal crank in vinegar overnight to make sure that it is free of all the rust. The acidity in vinegar will dissolve the rust.


3. How Can You Fix A Flat Tire?

Flat Bike Tires
Flat Bike Tires

If you get a flat tire on the road, get away from the traffic and find a safe place to address the situation. 

  • If your rear tire is flat, you will need to shift your chain onto the smallest chainring and also the smallest rear cog. The good news is that you don’t have to worry about shifting gears because the rear wheel is responsible for that. 
  • Open the brake quick release and remove your wheels from the fork dropouts. 
  • Now slightly inflate the tire. It will help you locate the puncture. Listen for any hissing sound. You can also feel for any escaping air. Once you have located the puncture, mark it so that you don’t lose it. 
  • You will either have to replace the inner tube or patch it up using a bike tire patch kit. It will depend on the size of the puncture. Only a hole of 4mm or less can be fixed with a patch kit. 
  • If you are installing a new tube, inflate it to your tire’s recommended pressure and then reassemble the tire onto your rim. Make sure that you properly seat the tire bead in the rim’s bead hook. 
  • Now check for any leaks. Listen for the hissing sound and feel for any escaping air. If not, you are ready to hit the road again. 
Tip: While patching a tube, I always make sure to apply the glue evenly on the patch. Then I wait for a few minutes so that it dries properly before I apply the puncture to it. This ensures a strong bond.

4. Aligning The Gears Properly

Fixing Bicycle Gear Issues

Fixing Bicycle Gear Issues

For misaligned gears, begin by examining your gear cables. Look for any damage, fraying, or kinks. If yes, you will need to replace the gear cables. Most of the bikes have a barrel adjuster. You will find it on the derailleur or your shifters. 

Barrel adjusters make it easier to make small adjustments to the cable. All you need to do is turn your barrel adjuster until the gear starts shifting smoothly. If you experience even after making these adjustments, take your bicycle to a local bike shop to get professional tuning. 

DIY Hack: I do not have a barrel adjuster so I make small tension adjustments using the adjusting bolts that are on the derailleur. If you want to increase the tension, turn the bolts clockwise. And if you want to decrease it, turn the barrels counterclockwise. Just remember to test the shifting after each change that you make.

5. Addressing The Brake Problems For A Smooth Ride

Bicycle Brakes Common Problems
Bicycle Brakes Common Problems

Start by inspecting your brake calipers. Look for any dirt, debris, or any other foreign object that might make the brakes stick. If yes, you will have to clean them. Now take a small amount of any bike-specific lubricant and apply it to the pivot points of the brake calipers.

Do not get any lubricant on the brake pads or your wheel rims. Changing worn-out brake pads might also solve your problem. Also, check the alignment. Your brake calipers should be correctly aligned with the wheel rims. If not, you will have to adjust them. For making adjustments:

  • Squeeze your brake lever so that the brake caliper is engaged.
  • Now you will have access to the caliper to make adjustments. Check the alignment of the rims with the brake pads. Your brake pads should make contact with the braking surface of the rim but it should not touch the tire. If they are rubbing against the rim or they are too far for it, you will need to adjust it.
  • There are bolt points that secure the brake caliper to your fork. These bolts are on each side of the caliper. Using a 5mm Allen wrench, loosen the bolts. 
  • Squeeze the brake caliper while you keep your eye on the brake pads. You will notice that the caliper has started to center itself on the rim. Continue squeezing until your caliper is centered. 
  • To hold this centered position, maintain an even pressure on your brake lever. Now tighten the caliper bolts that you loosened. Keep checking the caliper’s position. 
  • Once you have done this, check the pad clearance. There should be an even gap between the rim and the pad on both sides of your wheel. 
  • If you need to fine-tune your pad alignment, use a 3mm Allen wrench. On most caliper brakes, there is a small set of screws on the caliper’s arm sides. You can adjust the screws individually by turning them. This will adjust the individual position of each brake pad. Continue making these small adjustments until both of the pads are aligned with the rim. 
  • Test the brakes. Squeeze your brake lever. It should engage without any rubbing or noise. 
DIY Hack: If you do not have a bike-specific lubricant, you can take a small amount of light oil to lubricate your bake caliper points. I use a sewing machine oil, try it!


6. Adjusting The Chain Tension 

There will be specific guidelines in your bike’s manual on how to properly adjust the chain tension. If your issue is an improper chain tension adjustment, check the chain tension. There should be a slight amount of slack. Generally, it should be half an inch of vertical movement. If not, adjust your chain adjustment. For every bike, the proper measurements and the method to adjust it will be in the bike’s manual. Nevertheless, I usually follow this method:

Tip: If you do not have a quick-release mechanism for your bike's rear wheel, I recommend using a chain tensioner tool. This makes the process easier and also helps you to maintain a consistent tension when you are making adjustments.

7. Getting A Stuck Wheel To Rotate

Start by checking for misalignment. Look at your wheel’s position within the fork dropouts or your frame. Make sure that it is seated and properly aligned. If not, align them. Also, check your axles for any bends or damages. If yes, you will have to replace them. 

If this is not your issue, move on to bearings and hubs. If they are damaged, there is nothing you can do except replace them. As I said, any debris stuck in the front wheel will restrict its movement. Remove any foreign objects to allow your wheel to rotate. 

8. Putting The Chain Back On The Chainrings

Bicycle Fallen Dropped Chain
Bicycle Fallen Dropped Chain

Fixing a fallen chain might only take you a couple of minutes. When your chain falls, stop pedaling immediately. Shift to a safe location and examine your chain. 

  • Look for the reason why your chain fell. Keep an eye out for twists, kinks, or any tangled sections. 
  • Using your hand, guide the chain back onto your chain ring or cassette. You can also use a flat tool if you do not want to get your hands dirty. 
  • Also, look for any visible damage. If your chain is damaged, do not continue to ride. 
  • your chain might have fallen due to excessive slack. In this case, you will need to adjust the chain tension as described above. 
  • Test your bike. Gently pedal and see if the chain is engaging with your gear properly. If yes, you can not continue to enjoy your ride. 

9. Make The Right Tire Choice 

If you do not want to own multiple bikes for different kinds of riding needs, I would suggest using the right tire for the right surface. If it is interrupting your ride to the extent that you feel your bike is not moving, you can switch to tires that have a smooth tread pattern for when you ride on roads. Slick tires are famous for creating less rolling resistance. They can make pedaling on smooth surfaces easier. 

10. Adjust Your Suspension Settings 

To avoid the pedal bob, refer to your bike’s manual to adjust your bike’s suspension. You will find a setting to correct sag. There will also be a damping setting in the manual. You can adjust according to your riding style and your weight. A better way to adjust suspension, especially if you are new to cycling, is by referring to a bicycle mechanic. For this, you can visit any local bike shop. 

Tip: There is a lockout feature on some suspension systems. Lock your suspension when you are riding on a smooth surface or any uphill terrain. This will reduce the pedal bob. Just remember to unlock the suspension before you head out on rougher terrain.

11. Using The Right Pedal Technique 

Think of pedaling as scrapping through the mud on your shoe’s bottom. You have to push through the downstroke and then smoothly glide into the upstroke. This is the most efficient technique to distribute the workload on your leg muscles evenly. Keep on practicing. This will help build muscle memory which makes your pedaling efficient. 

12. Work On Your Fitness 

Ride on different kinds of terrain as well as on hills to gain more experience. This will help you understand gears and how you can use them effectively. Also, combine different forms of exercise with regular cycling to improve your endurance level. Slowly work on your fitness. You will see a huge change in your cycling experience. It will slowly become more enjoyable!


Why Is Your Bike So Hard To Pedal In The Morning?

Your bike is so hard to pedal in the morning because cooler temperatures cause the tire pressure to drop. The wrong tire pressure creates rolling resistance. 

Why Is It Easier To Ride A Bike When It Is Moving Faster?

It is easier to ride a bike when it is moving faster because the bike’s momentum makes it easier to balance and control the bike. This reduces the efforts that you need to put in to maintain your bike’s stability. 


These are the 11 most common reasons why your bike won’t move forward. Following these simple instructions for effective solutions can make it possible for you to ride your bike again! All it takes is cleaning the chain and the pedal, adjusting the tension, checking your brakes, and aligning your gears!

No matter how frustrating it might be when your bike refuses to move forward, always keep calm. Because panicking will only escalate the situation further. Always prioritize your safety before you begin addressing the situation. Happy Pedaling!

Also Read: Signs Your Bicycle Is Too Big: Is Your Bike Oversized?

This article was crafted by Luke Ameen, Associate Editor, a seasoned expert, bringing 8 years of experience and knowledge about all types of bikes. Our goal is to provide you with accurate, reliable, and valuable insights to help you make informed decisions and enhance your biking experience.

Should you have any questions or require further clarification on the topic, please feel free to connect with our expert author Luke Ameen by leaving a comment below. We value your engagement and are here to assist you.

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Luke Ameen

Luke Ameen

For many years, I've journeyed the world as an ardent cyclist, feeling the pulse of the road beneath two wheels. Even though competitive mountain trails might not be my battleground now, my zeal for cycling remains undiminished, pushing me to chase new escapades every chance I get.

My heart beats for everything related to cycling. Over the years, I've immersed myself in extensive research and hands-on tests of cycling equipment and enhancements, aiming to guide fellow cyclists in amplifying their riding experience. My mission is clear: deliver trustworthy insights and reliable guidance that readers can lean on. My vision is to kindle the same fervor for cycling in others, whether they're seasoned veterans or just embarking on this journey. Rest assured, I'm here to equip you with the freshest updates, advice, and perspectives to enrich every ride.


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