Having the right tires on your bike is important for good performance and comfortable ride but you may end up sabotaging your cycling experience by having the wrong air pressure in your tires. What is then the correct pressure a tire must have?
Outlined below are ten strategic things you must know about road bike tire pressure. You may have had prior knowledge of some of them, but you will surely discover some new ideas about how to regularly maintain your road bike tire pressure:
How much pressure do I need in my tires from the start/beginning?
Normally, you would need 12 psi in front tire and 12 psi in the rear one. But in exceptional cases, you may have a-two-pound adjustment up or down and stay within the range from 10 to 14 psi. For your information, psi means pounds per square inch: it is the measurement for estimating the air pressure in your bike’s tires.
Can one pound of air pressure make any difference?
Definitely! A one-pound change in your bike’s tire pressure is almost equivalent to 10 percent adjustment. This change is reflected in your bike’s knob footprint, casing stiffness, and in the overall traction effect on traction. Because tire pressure is quite a sensitive matter, this is why factories often adjust in quarter-pound increments. It is advisable that when you are making your first pressure adjustment, stick to a one psi increase or decrease.
That is the moderate amount of air pressure your bike’s tires need. If required, you can add more pressure to the tire from by 1/2 psi and even 1/4 psi increments.
Does riding a bike heat up the tire?
There are different causes of heat in a bike’s tire. When riding a bike, the tire begins to spin and this makes the rubber to get hot because of friction. Of course, that is not the only cause of tire heat. It has been discovered that casing deformation and sidewall flex and also potentially increase the temperature of a bicycle’s tire. As a matter of fact, tire pressure increases more in the rear tire than in the front one. And your tires are expected to get hotter more on a hot day than on a cold day. Similarly, tire pressure increases on hard-packed tracks more than in loamy ones.
Technically, during the first three laps, tire friction will hike air pressure in the rear tire by as much as six pounds, and in the front tire by as much as three pounds. This phenomenon may constitute a headache for a cyclist in a competition. In order to maintain the right proportion of air pressure in your tire, it is better to fight tire heat. And the simplest solution to combating heat build-up in a tire is to go to the starting line with less than maximum tire pressure.
You can start with 10 psi in the rear tire and less than that in the front tire. The calculation is that your bike’s tire will, by estimation, top off to 14 psi by lap three. This amount of air pressure isn’t bad at all for your bike, and you will be able to enjoy your ride.
Are front tires more at risk of flatting?
The answer to the question above is YES! This may have surprised you but here are the reasons why: The front tires usually have a smaller cavity with less air volume. When riding your bike, you exert almost equal amount pressure on your front and rear tires. With this quantity of pressure, it takes just little impact to have your front tire hammered into the rim and pinch flat it. To prevent their front tires flatting, some riders have preferred to have the same rim widths and tire in both their rear and front. However, the downside is that it will make both tires heavy. So, if you are willing to use your bike in a triathlon or other biking competitions, it is better to have a lighter tire in the front for speed.
Is it possible to detect if I have too much tire pressure?
While it is a problem if your bike’s tires don’t have enough air pressure, it can also be problematic if they have too much air pressure. Expert riders may know when their bikes’ tires are suffering from excessive air pressure. For novice bikers, here are two main ways to detect this: Too much wheelspin and lack of grip are the most probable ways to discover that your bike is being affected by too much air pressure. The reality is that if the pressure in your bike’s tires is too high, there won’t be any “rim clean.”
It doesn’t matter if you are riding on a smooth road or rough one, you will notice that your bike will bump higher than necessary with a slight impact with a solid object. This will make it difficult for you to control your handle as you may have wished. Adult riders can generally manage this situation, but parents must be very careful they gauge the air pressure in their children’s bike’s tires. The little ones may end up having a fatal accident if they lose control of their bikes.
What does “rim clean” mean?
The term “rim clean” is mentioned briefly in the point number 5 above, and it is a phrase used to describe the sidewalls’ tendency to roll over the edge of the rim. The idea is that a properly inflated tire will flex around the sidewalls and will definitely scrape clean the topmost part of the rim edge. This indicates that if you can’t see a shiny strip of polished aluminum along the top edge of your rim, you have too much air pressure in your bike’s tires.
Is it possible for me to detect when I don’t have enough tire pressure?
The question above isn’t only asked by amateurs, sometimes professionals engaging in triathlon and other biking competitions will like to be sure they have enough air pressure in their bikes’ tires. Here is how you can know if your bike is not good to go, having been filled up with inadequate amount of air pressure: Your bike will wallow slowly through the bumps.
Likewise, a soft or almost deflated tires will find it difficult to make the necessary turns. You need tires that are hard and sliding to have a comfortable riding experience.
With inadequate air pressure, your front tire will go limp because the sidewalls are too weak; the tire will be rolling over off the edge of the rim. Understand this: You should know that your bike doesn’t have enough air pressure if there is more than a 4mm swipe of “rim clean” on them. Technically, tubed tires may be damaged if you ride a long distance without having adequate air pressure. Similarly, tubeless tires may have some rupture on them or they may eventually be pinched by a sharp object that would have bounced off if the tires were hard and gliding on the road.
What tire pressure is best for mud?
For riders that need to wade through mud on every of their rides, if the mud conditions reduce track speeds you should slash down your tire pressure down to 10 psi in the front tire or lower in the back. But if the mud isn’t very deep and you can still maintain high speed, you can decide to stick with your standard air pressure. However, if the mud is so tacky and sludgy to the extent that you’re practically fighting to keep the front end of your bike down, it is advisable that you instantly add air pressure to help the tire break loose quickly.
It is believed that a bike with appropriate air pressure can find its way through the mud, no matter what. So, after many times of riding through the same mud, you will have known how much air pressure you need exactly to sail through. But as a rule of the thumb, follow the other instructions given above.
What about my bike’s air pressure on rocky tracks?
This advice is for people riding through the rocky on most occasions. If you are living on the areas where your roads are rocky or contain some pebbles, there are two things you can do. First, attempt to raise the air pressure in your tires. This will help them to go smoothly on the rocky tracks. Second, make sure you are using good wheels and frames. Because if your bike isn’t in a good shape physically, inflating your tires only won’t guarantee a smooth day-to-day ride.
What about four strokes?
If your bike is four-stroke, you are in a good form. This is because a four-stroke bike transfers weight differently from two-strokes and tend to power its way through more than skimming over obstacles. As you may have realized, this feature puts more of a load on the front tire than it does on the back. If your standard pressure is 12 psi on a two-stroke, you should start with 14 psi in the front of your YZ-F or CRF. The rear tire can remain 12 psi; however, you may want to consider one of the new stiff sidewall four-stroke tires as the best choice for your bike.